Sedimentation and Contamination from Carneros Watershed affecting Elkhorn Slough

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Located just inland of Elkhorn Slough along the Central California Coast, water from the Carneros Watershed flows through Carneros Creek into the Slough. Anthropogenic manipulation of the watershed has increased in recent years and is characterized by agricultural and residential development.

Resources at stake

  • Soil stability
    • ...
  • Water quality
    • Terrestrial animals specifically felids and mostly domesticated cats contribute to an increase in seropositive T. gondi occurrence in sea otters in Elkhorn Slough. T. gondi is a parasitic pathogen with two life stages. that affects muscle and nerve tissue and has resulted in fatal brain infections of southern sea otters. [1]
  • Habitat suitability


  • Private Landowners
  • Farmers
  • Elkhorn Slough Foundation (ESF)
    • non-profit environmental organization concerned with conservation of Elkhorn Slough
  • Audubon Society
    • Elkhorn Slough is said to be an Important Bird Area along the Pacific Flyway
  • US Fish and Wildlife
    • endangered species present
  • Army Corps of Engineers
    • responsible for 404 permitting
  • California Department of Fish and Game
    • concern over habitat health (ESNERR)
    • enforcement of California Endangered Specices

Laws and regulations

  • Clean Water Act
    • Section 401
  • US Endangered Species Act
  • California Endangered Species Act




  1. Miller et al. (2002)


The Carneros Watershed