Anadromous Fishes of California's Central Coast Region
An environmental summary created by the ENVS 560/L Watershed Systems class at CSUMB.
- 1 Anadromy
- 2 Salmonids
- 3 Other Anadromous Species
- 4 References
- 5 Disclaimer
include summary about anadromy
There are three species of salmonids found in the CCC region: Steelhead, Coho Salmon, and Chinook Salmon. Chinook salmon are encountered by commercial and recreational ocean fisherpeople during periods of a given year, however, there are no known naturally reproducing populations of Chinook salmon in CCC region watersheds.
|Species & Distinct Population Segment|
|Common Name||Scientific Name||DPS||Acronym||CESA Status||ESA Status|
|Steelhead (Rainbow Trout)||Oncorhynchus mykiss||Central California Coast Steelhead ||STCCC||Threatened |
|South-Central California Coast Steelhead ||STSCC||Threatened |
|Southern California Coast Steelhead ||STSCA||Endangered |
|Coho Salmon (Silver)||Oncorhynchus kisutch||Central California Coast Coho Salmon ||COCCC||Endangered ||Endangered |
The Steelhead subspecies present in the CCC region are divided into three Distinct Population Segments (DPS).: Central California Coast Steelhead (STCCC), South-Central California Coast Steelhead  (STSCC), and Southern California Coast Steelhead (STSCA).
Central California Coast Steelhead DPS
Conservation and management objectives for the STCCC DPS are listed under the Final Coastal Multispecies Recovery Plan for California Coastal Chinook Salmon, Northern California Steelhead and Central California Coast Steelhead  of 2016.
South Central California Coast Steelhead DPS
Conservation and management objectives for the STSCC DPS are listed under the South-Central California Coast Steelhead Recovery Plan  of 2013.
Southern California Coast Steelhead DPS
Conservation and management objectives for the STSCA DPS are listed under the Southern California Steelhead Recovery Plan  of 2012.
Extant populations of Coho salmon are found in coastal streams of San Mateo and Santa Cruz counties. Originally listed as threatened on the ESA in 1996, the Central California Coast Coho Salmon (COCCC) DPS protection status was reclassified to endangered in 2005. The Central California Coast Coho Salmon  (COCCC) DPS is the only extant population segment of Coho salmon in the Central California Coast Region, Coho Salmon in the Central Coast.
Central California Coast Coho Salmon DPS
Conservation and management objectives for the COCCC DPS are listed under the Recovery Plan for the Evolutionarily Significant Unit of Central California Coast Coho Salmon of 2012.
Describe significance of these populations, their threats here in the region, and reference the recovery plan.
Species Distributions in the CCCR 
|Anadromous Populations in California's Central Coast Hydrologic Region |
|San Vicente Creek||X||X|
|San Lorenzo River||X||X|
|San Jose Creek||X|
|Little Sur River||X|
|Big Sur River||X|
|San Carpoforo Creek||X|
|Arroyo de la Cruz||X|
|Little Pico Creek||X|
|San Simeon Creek||X|
|Santa Rosa Creek||X|
|Morro Bay Complex||X|
|San Luis Obispo, Pismo, and Arroyo Grande Creek||X|
|Santa Anita Creek||X|
|Goleta Slough Complex||X|
Chinook salmon (Onchorhynchus tshawyatscha) are commonly called king salmon, and support substantial commercial and recreational (sport) fishing industries on the California coast. Anthropocentric factors have lead to a decrease in their abundance and diversity throughout California, with most individuals in remaining populations being of hatchery origin.
While there are no spawning populations of Chinook salmon in the CCC region, the Monterey Bay Salmon and Trout Project (MBSTP) participates in an annual stocking program with the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW) to support local fishing industries. Juvenile salmon are transported (trucked) from Central Valley (Sacramento River Watershed) fish hatcheries to Monterey Bay and released as part of a state-wide hatchery supplementation strategy to abate fishing pressures on threatened and endangered stocks, and promote economic stability in local coastal communities.
Other Anadromous Species
Armored Threespine Stickleback
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Pacific Lamprey||Entosphenus tridentatus|
|Armored Threespine Stickleback||Gasterosteus aculeatus|
|Striped Bass||Morone saxatilis|
- Final Coastal Multispecies Recovery Plan for the California Coastal Chinook Salmon, Northern California Steelhead and Central California Coast Steelhead. 2016. National Marine Fisheries Service.
- Federal Endangered Species Act. 1973. United States Environmental Protection Agency.https://www.fws.gov/endangered/laws-policies/regulations-and-policies.html.
- South-Central California Coast Steelhead Recovery Plan. 2013. National Marine Fisheries Service
- Southern California Steelhead Recovery Plan Summary. 2012. National Marine Fisheries Service.
- Recovery Plan for the Evolutionarily Significant Unit of Central California Coast Coho Salmon. 2012. National Marine Fisheries Service.
- Listing of Endangered Species, California Endangered Species Act. 1970. California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW). https://www.wildlife.ca.gov/Conservation/CESA/FESA.
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