Difference between revisions of "Critical Habitat designations in California's Central Coast Region"

From CCoWS Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Definition)
(Definition)
Line 19: Line 19:
  
 
Critical Habitat represents the habitat essential for a species’ recovery.<ref name=NOAA FAQ> [http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/critical%20habitat%20files/4b2_faqs_final.pdf NOAA FAQ] </ref>
 
Critical Habitat represents the habitat essential for a species’ recovery.<ref name=NOAA FAQ> [http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/critical%20habitat%20files/4b2_faqs_final.pdf NOAA FAQ] </ref>
"Critical Habitat may include areas that are not currently occupied by a species, but that will be needed for its recovery." </ref name="NOAA FAQ"> The designation of Critical Habitat does not affect land ownership or establish a refuge, wilderness reserve, preserve or other special conservation area. The designation does not mandate government or public access to private lands. A critical Habitat designation has no effect in situations that do not involve a federal agency, for example, a private landowner undertaking a project that involves no federal funding or permitting.
+
"Critical Habitat may include areas that are not currently occupied by a species, but that will be needed for its recovery." <ref name="NOAA FAQ"/> The designation of Critical Habitat does not affect land ownership or establish a refuge, wilderness reserve, preserve or other special conservation area. The designation does not mandate government or public access to private lands. A critical Habitat designation has no effect in situations that do not involve a federal agency, for example, a private landowner undertaking a project that involves no federal funding or permitting.
  
 
== Critical Habitat Designations in California's Central Coast Region ==
 
== Critical Habitat Designations in California's Central Coast Region ==

Revision as of 12:12, 14 April 2016

This page provides the definition of Critical Habitat and lists designations of Critical Habitat in California's Central Coast Region.

This page was created as part of the ENVS 560/L Watershed Systems class at CSUMB.

Summary

Habitat loss is a leading cause of extinction, and has been addressed accordingly in the Endangered Species Act (ESA). One of the key objectives of the ESA is to identify and protect areas essential to the continued existence of a species, termed Critical Habitat. Critical Habitat includes geographic range of a species in question, but also extends to cover areas not currently occupied by the species, yet regarded as crucial to its recovery and survival. Critical Habitat receives protection from development and other human impacts.[1][2] Therefore, under ESA regulations it is not only illegal to harm or kill an individual of a listed species, it is also against the law to harm its Critical Habitat.[3] Critical Habitat is more of a regulatory concept than an ecological concept.

While the Critical Habitat law is applicable to everyone, "Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act requires that Federal agencies must ensure that any activities they authorize, fund or carry out are not likely to destroy or adversely modify the designated Critical Habitat of a listed species". [4]

"NOAA Fisheries designates critical habitat by determining the conservation value of particular areas and balancing the benefits of designation against its impacts (e.g., economic, national security). The proposed designation then goes through a period of public comment before the final rule is published and critical habitat is designated." [4]

Definition

Critical Habitat is:[5]

  • Specific areas within the geographical area occupied by the species at the time of listing, if they contain physical or biological features essential to conservation, and those features may require special management considerations or protection
  • Specific areas outside the geographical area occupied by the species if we determine that the area itself is essential for conservation

Critical Habitat represents the habitat essential for a species’ recovery.Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; invalid names, e.g. too many "Critical Habitat may include areas that are not currently occupied by a species, but that will be needed for its recovery." [6] The designation of Critical Habitat does not affect land ownership or establish a refuge, wilderness reserve, preserve or other special conservation area. The designation does not mandate government or public access to private lands. A critical Habitat designation has no effect in situations that do not involve a federal agency, for example, a private landowner undertaking a project that involves no federal funding or permitting.

Critical Habitat Designations in California's Central Coast Region

Some examples of CH designations include:

  • Fish
    • California Central Coast Steelhead (O. mykiss) [7]
  • Birds
  • Mammals
  • Amphibians

Notes

Critical Habitat is a very specific thing and should be in capitals.

Links

Special Status Species

Federal Register: Listing Endangered and Threatened Species and Designating Critical Habitat; Implementing Changes to the Regulations for Designating Critical Habitat

References

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CitGuide
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Marrone
  3. Preemptive Habitat Destruction Under the Endangered Species Act
  4. 4.0 4.1 NOAA: Critical Habitat on the West Coast
  5. NOAA: Listing under the Endangered Species Act (ESA)
  6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NOAA_FAQ
  7. [http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/protected_species/salmon_steelhead/salmon_and_steelhead_listings/steelhead/central_california_coast/Central%20California%20Coast%20Steelhead.html

Disclaimer

This page may contain students' work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.