Fort Ord Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP)
The Fort Ord Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) is presently (April 2014) an administrative draft document that addresses the conservation and enhancement of habitat for several special status plants and animals on the former Fort Ord. The plan identifies designated development areas, habitat management areas, and borderlands. Specific activities within these designated areas are also outlined.
HCP vs. HMP
Habitat Management Plan (HMP) - An agreement issued by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) that outlines the rights and responsibilities of the Fort Ord Reuse Authority (FORA), its member agencies, University of California, and California State University in regards to HMP implementation . The most current HMP draft document is the 1997 revision.
Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP) - Incorporates relevant information from the 1997 HMP and supersedes the HMP as the primary conservation reference document for all non-federal Fort Ord land recipients .
The HCP plan covers approximately 27,838 acres of former Fort Ord . HCP stemmed from the Habitat Management Plan (HMP), which was first published as part of the Basin Reuse Plan (BRP) in 1994. Although the 1996 HMP was never approved, it provides a foundation for the HCP. To begin implementation of the HCP, the plan must be approved by US Fish and Wildlife Service and the California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW).
The issuance of incidental take permits - 2081 California Endangered Species Act (CESA) and 10(a)(1)(B) federal Endangered Species Act (ESA)- will be based on the HCP. CDFW and USFWS will be the issuing agencies, respectively.
Endangered Species Act (ESA)
- Section 7 of the ESA calls for inter-agency collaboration to protect and conserve federally listed endangered species and their habitat. 
- Section 10
Special Status Species
|Species||Current Listing Status (T v E)|
|Sand gilia (Gilia tenuiflora arenaria)||ST - state threatened|
|Monterey spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens pungens)||FT - federal threatened|
|Seaside bird’s-beak (Cordylanthus rigidus littoralis)||SE - state endangered|
|Hooker’s manzanita (Arctostaphylos hookeri hookeri)||SE - state endangered|
|Sandmat manzanita (A. pumila)||FE - federal endangered|
|Monterey manzanita (A. montereyensis)||Not listed|
|Monterey ceanothus (Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus)||Not listed|
|Eastwood’s goldenbush (Ericameria fasciculata)||Not listed|
|Yadon’s piperia (Piperia yadonii)||FE - federal endangered|
|Contra Costa goldfields (Lasthenia conjugens)||FE - federal endangered|
|California Black Legless Lizard (Anniella pulchra nigra; BLL)||Not listed|
|California tiger salamander (Ambystoma californiense; CTS)||ST/FT/FE|
|California linderiella (Linderiella occidentalis)||Not listed|
This timeline outlines the main milestones related to the development of the Fort Ord HMP. A complete timeline for all issues related to Fort Ord is available here: Fort Ord
- 1992 - Flora and Fauna Baseline Study of Fort Ord (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) 
- Baseline study used to create the 1993 draft HMP
- 1993 - Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Fort Ord Disposal and Reuse Volume I of IV (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)
- This EIS evaluated the environmental impacts of base closure and explored the various alternatives within the scope of National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA).
- The EIS identified the need to create and implement the HMP to protect sensitive habitats and species.
- 1994 - Publication of first HMP (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers)
- Established guidelines for the conservation and management of plant and animal species dependent on habitat within the former Fort Ord.
- 1996 - Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) Fort Ord Disposal and Reuse
- 1997 - Base Reuse Plan,Reassessment and Final Environmental Impact Report (Fort Ord Reuse Authority, EMC Planning Group Inc., EDAW, Inc.) 
- This refined the shortcomings of the original plan and incorporated new developments from the land use agencies involved.
- 1997 - HMP Revision (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) 
- A revision of the 1994 HMP to reflect modifications to the reuse scenario that was informed by the Final Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (1996)
- 2001 - HMP Digital Republication (U.S. Arm Coprs of Engineers)
- 2002 - Redevelopment Plan for the Fort Ord Redevelopment Project (Redevelopment Agency of the County of Monterey) 
- The redevelopment plan's main objective is to improve and eliminate blighting conditions in the former Fort Ord. It outlines the powers, duties and obligations for the Monterey County Redevelopment Agency to implement the plan to accomplish redevelopment and revitalization of the area.
- 2002 - Assessment East Garrison - Parker Flats Land Use Modifications (County of Monterey & Fort Ord Reuse Authority, Zander Associates) 
- An assessment of the proposed exchanged use of Parker Flats and East Garrison area between the Fort Ord Reuse Authority (FORA) and the County of Monterey. The land swap would increase the overall reserve lands occupied by HMP Species as well as expand and enhance corridor connections between the northern and southern reserve lands.
- 2008 - Final South Boundary Road Biological Monitoring Report (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Burleson Consulting Inc.)
- This biological study was conducted as a requirement for the 1997 HMP and biological opinions by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which specifies mitigation and monitoring protocol for special-status species following cleanup activities. The survey reports the first year of biological monitoring for the vegetation clearance for South Boundary Road Project.
- 2012 - HCP Scoping Report (Fort Ord Reuse Authority, EMC Planning Group) 
- The scoping report is part of the Base Reuse Plan reassessment process. It presents background information about the reuse of Fort Ord, summarizes events that occured at the former Fort Ord since the Reuse Plan was adopted as well as public input on the Reuse Plan Reassessment.
- 2012 - For Ord Reuse Plan Reassessment (Fort Ord Reuse Authority, EMC Planning Group) 
- A review of 2001 Reuse Plan publication is mandated in Chapter 8 of the Master Resolution, which serves as FORA's bylaws. The Reassessment report describes topics and potential modification options for the Base Reuse Plan or to FORA's operational procedures for consideration by FORA's Board.
- 2013 - Draft HCP
- First Draft of the HCP under review.
- FORA HMP
- 2013 FORA annual report http://www.fora.org/Reports/AR/AnnualReport2013.pdf
- FORA HCP http://www.fora.org/HMP.html
- ESA Section 7
- ESA 2013 Annual Biological Monitoring Report
- ESA plant list
- ESA animal list
- Flora and Fauna Baseline Study of Fort Ord http://22.214.171.124/ar_pdfs/ar-bw-1938/bw-1938.pdf
- First Publication of HMP
- Base Reuse Plan & Reassessment 1997 http://www.fora.org/BRP.html
- 1997 HMP Revision http://126.96.36.199/ar_pdfs/ar-bw-1787/bw-1787.pdf
- Redevelopment Plan for the Fort Ord Redevelopment Project http://www.co.monterey.ca.us/housing/pdfs/Fort_Ord/redevplan_fortord.pdf
- Zander Associates 2002 East Garrison - Parker Flats Land Use Modifications http://www.ci.seaside.ca.us/Modules/ShowDocument.aspx?documentid=5114
- Final South Boundary Road Biological Monitoring Report (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Burleson Consulting, Inc.) http://188.8.131.52/ar_pdfs/ar-bw-2456a/02-19-08-final%20fort%20ord%20report.pdf
- Base Reuse Plan and 2012 Reassessment http://www.fora.org/BRPReassessment.html
This page may contain students's work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.