Difference between revisions of "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)"
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Revision as of 22:18, 1 March 2021
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is a United States federal scientific agency within the US Department of Commerce. NOAA carries out a variety of duties that monitor, manage, and protect the nation's oceans, major waterways, and atmosphere. In the California Central Coast Region, NOAA plays a large role in marine management and regulation in conjunction with many cooperating institutions such as Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC Santa Cruz, Moss Landing Marine Labs, and CSUMB 
NOAA's overarching mission is "Science, Service, and Stewardship."  NOAA operations strive to study the structure and function of the ocean, atmosphere, and other connected systems in order to understand patterns and predict changes in weather, climate, and ocean processes. NOAA also seeks to share their data and effectively communicate this information to the public and other agencies. A large part of NOAA's mission is to act as responsible stewards of the earth by managing and conserving coastal and marine ecosystems and the services they provide. Together, these three principles drive NOAA research and management to be the foundation for future ecosystem, cultural, and economic resilience. 
Legal Status / Authority
NOAA was established by an Executive Order from President Richard Nixon in 1970 as part of a government reorganization plan with the goal of creating a government structure that could "make a coordinated attack on the pollutants...[in] the air we breath, the water we drink, and the land that grows our food." The order transferred all oceanic, aquatic, and fisheries-related functions within the Department of the Interior and the National Science Foundation/Sea Grant Program to NOAA and the Department of Commerce, as well as any Department of Defense surveying and charting duties in the Great Lakes and other major interior bodies of water. The new administration would also absorb the personnel, property, and funds of the Environmental Sciences Services Administration.
NOAA holds a large number of responsibilities as the nation's steward of the atmosphere and oceans. Most of the statutes establishing NOAA's authority relate to the National Marine Fisheries Service. Many statutes task NOAA with implementing regulations set by U.S. treaty and convention requirements. A large amount of authority is directed towards the protection of marine species and resources via major legislation such as the Endangered Species Act and the Marine Mammal Protection Act, as well as other measures that authorize oceanic and atmospheric research and education. In addition to monitoring and other research activities, NOAA actively protects marine resources via their Office of Law Enforcement. NOAA special agents and enforcement officers have jurisdiction between 3 and 100 miles offshore, an area known as the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Governance: Who makes the decisions, and where do citizens get a say? Superintendents are important. To whom do they report? Eventually someone reports to the Secretary of Commerce? And SecCom reports to POTUS. Congress probably also has a role. If citizens don't like the decisions, they can vote differently for congressional reps and POTUS.
NOAA governs the oceans and atmosphere within seven jurisdictional regions across the US. Regional teams in the Alaska, Central, Great Lakes, Golf of Mexico, North Atlantic, Pacific Islands, Southeast & Caribbean, and Western Regions
NOAA Fisheries are broken into six regions: Alaska, New England/Mid-Atlantic, Pacific Islands, Southeast, West Coast, and International.
The top executive leadership position within NOAA is the Administrator. Benjamin Friedman, U.S. Deputy Under Secretary for Operations, is currently serving as Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Acting Administrator of NOAA.
NOAA operates six major line offices that carry out the majority of its scientific functions, as well as several staff and corporate offices and the NOAA Commissioned Officers Corps. NOAA's major offices include:
- National Weather Service
- National Ocean Service
- National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
- National Marine Fisheries Service
- Office of Marine and Aviation Operations
- Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research
Central Coast Context
Example Work / Projects
- Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS)
- Steelhead Management in the Monterey Bay Region
- Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs)
- Reference text https://www.ci.noaa.gov/Locations/California
- Reference text https://www.nixonfoundation.org/2014/07/president-nixons-message-congress-epa-noaa/#:~:text=On%20this%20day%20in%201970,National%20Oceanic%20and%20Atmospheric%20Administration.
- Reference text https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid:USC-prelim-title5a-node84-leaf179&num=0&edition=prelim
- Reference text https://www.gc.noaa.gov/gcil-authorities-mandates.html
- Reference text https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about/office-law-enforcement
- Reference text https://www.noaa.gov/our-people/leadership/benjamin-friedman