Difference between revisions of "National Park Service (NPS)"

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'''National Parks'''
'''National Parks'''
Physical properties managed by NPS within the National Park System.
Physical properties managed by NPS within the National Park System.

Revision as of 15:44, 2 March 2021

A organizational summary by the ENVS 560/L Watershed Systems class at CSUMB.


The National Park Service is a federal agency in the United States that manages all national parks, most national monuments, and other historical and conservation areas with various designations. The NPS was created by the United States Congress on August 25, 1916, through the National Park Service Organic Act. The NPS is a bureau of the United States Department of the Interior and is led by a Director nominated by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. As of 2021, the NPS has approximately 20,000 employees.


The first national park in the United States was Yellowstone National Park. In 1872, the federal government assumed direct control of these parks, they were originally divided up under the guidance of the Department of the Interior (DoI). Conservationist Stephen Mather ran a publicity campaign for the DoI, which resulted in the creation of the NPS on August 25, 1916.

In California, the NPS controls 6,240,000 acres of land, the first NPS protected area being Yosemite National Park.

California Central Coast

The NPS manages a wide variety of lands in the California Central Coast Region in four categories (National Parks, National Recreation Areas, National Monuments, National Heritage Areas, and has significant influence over National Historic Areas and federal lands given to the state via the Federal Lands to Parks Program.

National Parks

Physical properties managed by NPS within the National Park System.

Channel Islands National Park

Pinnacles National Park

Sequoia National Park

Kings Canyon National Park

National Recreation Areas

Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area

National Monument

Physical properties managed by NPS within the National Park System.

Tule Lake National Monument

César E. Chávez National Monument

National Register of Historic Places

Established in 1966, through the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act, it is the official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects considered worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A listed property may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred in preserving the property.

Carmel Mission

Mission San Miguel Arcangel

La Purísima Mission

Los Alamos Ranch House

Rancho Camulos

Hearst San Simeon Estate

Gonzalez House

Well No. 4, Pico Canyon Oil Field

Rogers Dry Lake

San Juan Bautista Historic District

Monterey Old Town Historic District

Larkin House

Old Customhouse

Royal Presidio Chapel

Juan de Anza House

Jose Castro House

The Forty Acres

Santa Barbara Mission

Mission Santa Inés

Santa Barbara County Courthouse

Carrizo Plain Archeological District

Steedman Estate

Rancho Camulos

National Heritage Areas (NHA)

Designations by Congress as places where natural, cultural, and historic resources combine to form a cohesive, nationally important landscape. NHA entities collaborate with communities to determine how to make heritage relevant to local interests and needs. Currently, there are no NHAs established within Central California. Within California, there is the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta National Heritage Area.

Federal Lands to Parks Program



This page may contain student work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.