Difference between revisions of "Urban stormwater management in the Monterey Bay region"

From CCoWS Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Summary)
(MRSWMP Annual Reports)
 
(190 intermediate revisions by 8 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
[[Image:Region_map.jpg|200px|thumb|Integrated Regional Water Management Plan (IRWMP) for the Greater Monterey County. Map Provided by Greater Monterey IRWMP <ref>  [http://www.greatermontereyirwmp.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/irwmp_maps.pdf IRWMP Maps] </ref>]]
 +
 
== Summary ==
 
== Summary ==
Urban stormwater management is quickly gaining the attention of the public and decision makers in the Monterey Bay Region. The Monterey Regional Management Storm Water Management Program (MRSWMP) was developed to "implement and enforce a series of management practices, referred to herein as 'Best Management Practices' (BMPs)." <ref name="MRSWMP">http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/stormwater/swmp/monterey_swmp.pdf</ref> The MRSWP's goal is to minimize surface runoff pollutants<ref>[[TMDLs in the Monterey Bay Region of California]]</ref> from entering areas of biological significance in the Monterey Bay. Efforts are being taken to reduce stormwater runoff using a multitude of methods.
+
Over the past two decades, urban stormwater management has been gaining the attention of the public and decision makers in the [[Monterey Bay Region]]. Storm water management requirements have been grouped into two [[NPDES]] permit phases based on city size, per relevant [[Clean Water Act]] promulgation beginning in 1990. Cities with large (>250,000) and medium (100,000-250,000) populations were given a Phase I permit, and small populations (10,000 - 100,000) were given Phase II permits.<ref name="MRSWMP"> [http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/stormwater/swmp/monterey_swmp.pdf MRSWMP] </ref>   The Phase II cities collectively applied for a General Permit, and are organized under the Monterey Region Storm Water Management Program (MRSWMP). Permits must be renewed every 5 years.  
  
[[Image:File.png|200px|thumb|left|alt text]] Integrated Regional Water Management Plan (IRWMP) for the Greater Monterey County. Provided by the Central Coast Wetlands Group<ref>http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&safe=off&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&authuser=0&biw=984&bih=896&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZueC1Ho9QWDebM:&imgrefurl=http://ccwg.mlml.calstate.edu/irwmp&docid=pbcs6kplT6qNkM&imgurl=http://ccwg.mlml.calstate.edu/sites/default/files/images/region_map1.preview.jpg&w=480&h=640&ei=7edzT-uGLK-E2QWLiOXFBg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=749&vpy=131&dur=615&hovh=259&hovw=194&tx=137&ty=121&sig=102689191159301866187&page=1&tbnh=162&tbnw=121&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:4,s:0</ref>
+
On the [[Urban stormwater regulations applicable to central coast region | Federal level]], urban stormwater management is required by National Pollution Discharge Elimination System ([[NPDES]]) permitting for managing point source pollution, first instated by the Clean Water Act <ref> [http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/ NPDES Background NPDES Background]</ref>. Industrial, municipal, and other facilities are all required to obtain permits to discharge waste to surface waters <ref name="Stormwater Factsheet">[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/stormwater/swmp/monterey_swmp.pdf Storm Water Management Factsheet] </ref>. The State Water Boards provide oversight; California regulates construction, industrial facilities, and municipalities under this system <ref name="Stormwater Factsheet"/>.
  
== Phase I <ref>http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/salinas.shtml</ref>==
+
== NPDES Permit Type Applicable to Monterey Bay Region Municipalities ==
All Medium and Large Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) were required to obtain a municipal permit under Phase I.
+
  
== Phase II <ref name="MRSWMP"/>==  
+
=== Phase ===
In 2003 the SWRCB adopted a General Permit for storm water discharges from regulated Small
+
Phase I regulations, effective since 1990, require NPDES permits for storm water
MS4s.
+
discharges for certain specific industrial facilities and construction activities, and for
 +
“medium” and “large” municipal separate storm sewer systems ([http://cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/stormwater/munic.cfm MS4s]) generally serving
 +
populations greater than 100,000. The only Phase I city in the Monterey Bay Region is Salinas.<ref>[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/salinas.shtml Salinas Stormwater Program] </ref>
 +
*Salinas
 +
**[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/Attachment5-SalinasMRP-revisions.pdf Management Program]
 +
**[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/SalinasMS4Order.pdf Waste Discharge Requirements]
  
== Location ==
+
=== Phase II ===
Watsonville <ref>link.com</ref>
+
In December 1999, the EPA promulgated more regulations known as the Storm Water
 +
Phase II Final Rule for all MS4s with urbanized areas and municipalities with a
 +
population base greater than 10,000 with a population density greater than 1,000 persons
 +
per square mile, and includes construction sites of 1 to 5 acres.<ref name="MRSWMP"/> In California, NPDES
 +
General Permits for small MS4s are overseen by the Regional Water Quality Control Board
 +
(RWQCB) and require the development of a management plans that discuss existing
 +
and proposed programs that will protect water quality by reducing or eliminating
 +
pollutant runoff from entering local water bodies.
  
Salinas (Phase I MS4) <ref>link.com</ref>
 
*Timeline
 
*[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/Attachment5-SalinasMRP-revisions.pdf Management Program]
 
*[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/SalinasMS4Order.pdf Waste Discharge Requirements]
 
  
Monterey <ref>link.com</ref>
+
Small MS4s are designated by:
 +
*Automatically designated by EPA because it is located within an urbanized area,
 +
or
 +
*Individually designated by the RWQCB after considering factors such as high population density (1,000 residents per square mile), high growth or potential(growth greater than 25percent between 1990 and 2000 or anticipated growth greater than 25percent over a 10-year period), a significant contributor of pollutants to an interconnected permitted MS4, discharge to sensitive water bodies, and/or a significant contributor of pollutants to waters of the United States.
  
King City <ref>link.com</ref>
 
  
Sand City <ref>link.com</ref>
+
Phase II requires the implementation of six Minimum Control Measures (MCMs):
 +
*Public Education and Outreach on Storm Water Impacts
 +
*Public Involvement/Participation
 +
*Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
 +
*Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control
 +
*Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development and Redevelopment
 +
*Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations
  
Pacific Grove <ref>[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Pacific Grove]]</ref>
+
Each MCM has associated Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Measurable Goals to achieve permit requirements.
  
== Resource/s at Stake ==
+
==The Monterey Region Storm Water Management Plan (MRSWMP)==
*Endangered species<ref>link.com</ref>
+
*Areas of Special Biological Significance (ASBS)<ref>link.com</ref>
+
*Marine Ecosystems<ref>link.com</ref>
+
  
== Stakeholders <ref>http://www.mpwmd.dst.ca.us/Mbay_IRWM/RAP.pdf</ref> ==
+
The purpose of the [http://www.montereysea.org/ MRSWMP] is to reduce discharge from Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) to the “maximum extent practicable,” to protect water quality, and to satisfy the appropriate water quality requirements of the Clean Water Act. It is the organizational framework that connects all the entities under the General Permit, and includes a description and map of the areas under the Program. It also describes the BMPs and Measurable Goals of each entity. <ref name="MRSWMP"/>
*California American Water Monterey Bay Citizen Watershed Monitoring Network
+
*California Coastal Commission Monterey County Service Area 50
+
*California Coastal Conservancy Monterey Peninsula Regional Park District
+
*California Department of Fish and Game NOAA Fisheries
+
*California State University Monterey Bay Pebble Beach Community Service District
+
*California State Water Resources Control Board Pebble Beach Company
+
*Carmel Area Wastewater District Planning and Conservation League
+
*Carmel River Steelhead Association Regional Water Quality Control Board
+
*Carmel River Watershed Conservancy Resources Conservation District of Monterey County
+
*Carmel Unified School District Seaside Basin Watermaster
+
*Carmel Valley Association State Department of Parks & Recreation
+
*City of Carmel-by-the-Sea Surfrider Foundation
+
*City of Del Rey Oaks The Nature Conservancy
+
*City of Pacific Grove The Watershed Institute at CSUMB
+
*City of Sand City U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
+
*City of Seaside U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serve
+
*Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Ventana Wilderness Society
+
  
== Laws, Policies, and Regulations ==
+
The Monterey Regional Storm Water Mangement Plan Group includes the following entities:
*Monterey Regional Storm Water Management Program (MRSWMP) <ref name="MRSWMP"/>
+
*City of Pacific Grove (see also [[Urban stormwater management in the City of Pacific Grove]])
**Developed by:  
+
*City of Monterey
***Monterey
+
*City of Seaside
***Carmel-by-the-Sea
+
*City of Sand City
***Del Rey Oaks
+
*City of Del Rey Oaks
***Sand City
+
*City of Marina
***Seaside  
+
*County of Monterey
***Marina
+
 
***Pacific Grove
+
Federal facilities (i.e. the Naval Postgraduate School), school districts, colleges and universities, and miscellaneous entities (i.e. Monterey Peninsula Airport) are excluded from these jurisdictions.
***Monterey County
+
 
*Integrated Regional Water Management Plan (IRWMP)<ref>http://ccwg.mlml.calstate.edu/irwmp</ref>
+
Additional entities ("Coordinating Entities") that coordinate some of their individual SWMP activities under this Program:
**Entities Included:
+
*Monterey Peninsula Unified School District, Pacific Grove Unified School District, and the Carmel Unified School District
***government agencies
+
*City of Carmel-by-the-Sea
***nonprofit organizations
+
*Pebble Beach Co.
***educational organizations
+
=====MRSWMP Annual Reports=====
***water service districts
+
 
***private water companies
+
*[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AR_body.pdf Year 1] (2006-2007)
***organizations representing:
+
*[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AR_body.pdf Year 2] (2007-2008)
****agricultural
+
*[http://www.ci.marina.ca.us/documents/Community%20Development/Public%20Works/Year%203%20Draft%20Annual%20Report%20-%20Exec%20Summary.pdf Year 3] (2008-2009)
****environmental
+
*[http://www.ci.pg.ca.us/Y4%20Annual%20Report%20Exec%20Summary.pdf Year 4] (2009-2010)
****community interests
+
*[http://www.montereysea.org/docs/program/annual_rpt_year_05/Monterey%20Regional%20Year%205%20Annual%20Report.pdf Year 5] (2010-2011)
*Porter-Cologne Act <ref>http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/laws_regulations/docs/portercologne.pdf</ref>
+
*[http://www.montereysea.org/docs/program/annual_rpt_year_06/Monterey_Regional_Year_6_Annual_Report_final%202.pdf Year 6] (2011-2012)
*Clean Water Act <ref>http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cwatxt.txt</ref>
+
*[http://www.montereysea.org/docs/program/annual_rpt_year_07/1%20%20%20MRSWMP%20Annual%20Report%20Year%207%20(2012%20-%202013)%20FINAL%2011-15-13.pdf Year 7] (2012-2013)
*Endangered Species Act <ref>http://epw.senate.gov/esa73.pdf</ref>
+
 
*Proposition 50 <ref>http://www.cdph.ca.gov/services/funding/Documents/Prop50/General/Proposition50.pdf</ref>
+
===== Annual Reports by City =====
 +
*Year 1
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppF_Monterey.pdf Monterey]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/Jan_2007_Carmel_SWMPSupplement.pdf Carmel-by-the-Sea]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppD_DelReyOaks.pdf Del Rey Oaks]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppH_SandCity.pdf Sand City]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppI_Seaside.pdf Seaside]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppE_Marina.pdf Marina]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppG_PacificGrove.pdf Pacific Grove]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AppJ_CountyMonterey.pdf Monterey County]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/Aug_2008_MR_respltr_yr1.pdf CCRWQCB Year 1 Annual Report Response Letter (Aug 2008)]
 +
*Year 2
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppC_CarmelAR.pdf Carmel-by-the Sea]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppD_DelReyOaksAR.pdf Del Rey Oaks]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppE_MarinaAR.pdf Marina]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppF_MontereyAR.pdf City of Monterey]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppG_PacificGroveAR.pdf Pacific Grove]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppH_SandCityAR.pdf Sand City]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppI_SeasideAR.pdf Seaside]
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AppJ_MontereyCountyAR.pdf Monterey County]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Other Monterey Bay Municipalities Annual Stormwater Reports==
 +
 
 +
====[http://www.hollister.ca.gov/site/index.asp Hollister]====
 +
*[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/stormwater/swmp/hollister_swmp.pdf Current SWMP] (last revised Oct 2005)
 +
Annual Reports
 +
**[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/hollister/2008_Hollister_yr3_AR.pdf Year 3 (2008)]
 +
***[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/hollister/2008_Hollister_yr3_att1-9.pdf Attachments 1-9]
 +
***[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/hollister/2008_Hollister_yr3_att10-16.pdf Attachments 10-16]
 +
***[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/hollister/2008_Hollister_respltr_yr3.pdf CRWQCB Response Letter (Feb 2008)]
 +
**[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/hollister/2008_Hollister_yr3_AR.pdf Year 4] (July 2007 - June 2008)
 +
**[http://hollister.ca.gov/site/html/gov/office/documents/FY08-09AnnualReport.pdf Year 5] (July 2008 - June 2009)
 +
 
 +
====Gilroy====
 +
*This SWMP incorporates the efforts of the [http://www.morgan-hill.ca.gov/ City of Morgan Hill], the [http://www.cityofgilroy.org/cityofgilroy/ City of Gilroy] and the unincorporated portion of [http://www.sccgov.org/sites/scc/Pages/default.aspx Santa Clara County], within the watershed of the Pajaro River and Monterey Bay.<ref>[http://www.morgan-hill.ca.gov/DocumentView.aspx?DID=4142 City of Gilroy, City of Morgan Hill and County of Santa Clara SWMP] </ref>
 +
 
 +
==== King City ====
 +
The King City SWMP was revised for final review in 2009 and the first year of the permit will end in early 2010<ref>[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/kingcity/Jan_2009_King_City_SWMP.pdf King City SWMP]</ref>. The plan will have a 5 year implementation period. Over the course of the permit the City will be required to submit annual reports documenting the progress made each year in the form of measurable goals for each best management practice.
  
== MRSWMP ==
 
 
Annual Reports:
 
Annual Reports:
* Year 1 (2006-2007)<ref>http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2007_MR_yr1_AR_body.pdf</ref>
+
* None currently exist
*Year 2 (2007-2008)<ref>http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/monterey_co/2008_MR_yr2_AR_body.pdf</ref>
+
*Year 3 (2008-2009)<ref>link.com</ref>
+
*Year 4 (2009-2010)<ref>http://www.ci.pg.ca.us/Y4%20Annual%20Report%20Exec%20Summary.pdf</ref>
+
  
== Systems ==
+
==== Soledad ====
... What elements of the biophysical system are/were involved?...
+
* Current [http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/stormwater/swmp/soledad_swmp.pdf SWMP]
 +
Annual Reports:
 +
*[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/soledad/Jan_2006_Soledad_yr1_AR.pdf Year 1] (2004-2005)
 +
*[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/soledad/Dec_2006_Soledad_yr2_AR.pdf Year 2] (2005-2006)
 +
*[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/soledad/Dec_2007_Soledad_yr3_AR.pdf Year 3] (2006-2007)
 +
*[http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/rwqcb3/water_issues/programs/stormwater/muni_phase2/soledad/Dec_2008_Soledad_yr4_AR.pdf Year 4] (2007-2008)
 +
*[http://www.ci.soledad.ca.us/DocumentCenter/Home/View/253 Year 5] (2008-2009) FAILED TO SUBMIT
 +
 
 +
====Salinas====
 +
*[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/SWMP/SWMP-040808-Complete.pdf Salinas Stormwater Management Plan, 2008]
 +
Annual Report Confirmations
 +
*[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/pdf/Salinas2008-2009AnnualReport.pdf 2008-2009]
 +
* *[http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/services/maintenance/urban_watershed.cfm Other Reports] have been filed, but links of verification were not connected
 +
 
 +
====Santa Cruz County Municipalities====
 +
Municipalities in the northern part of Monterey Bay are also involved in stormwater management activities.
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in Santa Cruz County]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Scotts Valley|City of Scotts Valley]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Santa Cruz|City of Santa Cruz]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Capitola|City of Capitola]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Watsonville|City of Watsonville]]
 +
 
 +
==Integrated Regional Water Management Plan ([[IRWMP]])<ref>[http://www.greatermontereyirwmp.org/ Integrated Regional Management Plan for the Greater Monterey County Region (IRWMP)]</ref> ==
 +
Type of [[IRWMP]] entities:
 +
*government agencies
 +
*nonprofit organizations
 +
*educational organizations
 +
*water service districts
 +
*private water companies
 +
*organizations representing:
 +
*agricultural
 +
*environmental
 +
*community interests
 +
 
 +
== Timeline ==
 +
 
 +
* '''1990''' Phase I NPDES permitting promulgated by EPA
 +
 
 +
* '''1998''' Monterey Region finishes developing the Model Urban Runoff Program (MURP) to assist small municipalities in developing their own programs for Phase II reqs
 +
 
 +
* '''1999''' Phase II NPDES permitting promulgated by EPA (expands Phase I program)
 +
 
 +
* '''2000''' In March, a Working Group consisting of public works representatives from all MRWPCA member entities decided to apply under a single NPDES General Permit (Phase II only)
 +
 
 +
* '''2002''' A "Memorandum of Agreement for the Monterey Regional Storm Water Pollution Prevention Program" was prepared and executed to create regional organization and commitment to the NPDES permit, although community-level plans are also required; the agreement will terminate when the current NPDES permit expires
 +
 
 +
== Resources at Stake ==
 +
Common pollutants include pesticides, fertilizers, oils, salt, litter and other debris, and sediment, as well as fecal coliform bacteria resulting from illicit connections between sanitary and storm water sewage systems. These pollutants are a threat to public drinking and recreational water usage, spawning and wildlife habitat, aesthetic values, and can lead to fish kills.
 +
 
 +
Importantly, there are two areas--Pacific Grove and Carmel Bay-- in the region where stormwater has the potential to carry large pollutant loads into Areas of Special Biological Significance (ASBS). See [[Urban Discharges to Areas of Special Biological Significance on Monterey Peninsula]] for more information. One of the MRSWP's goals is to minimize surface runoff pollutants<ref>[[TMDLs in the Monterey Bay Region of California]]</ref> from entering areas of biological significance in the Monterey Bay.
 +
 
 +
== [http://www.mpwmd.dst.ca.us/Mbay_IRWM/RAP.pdf Stakeholders] ==
 +
*[http://www.amwater.com/caaw/ California American Water]
 +
*[http://montereybay.noaa.gov/monitoringnetwork/about_us.html Citizen Watershed Monitoring Network]
 +
*[http://www.coastal.ca.gov/ California Coastal Commission]
 +
*Monterey County Service Area 50
 +
*[http://scc.ca.gov/ California State Coastal Conservancy]
 +
*[http://www.mprpd.org/ Monterey Peninsula Regional Park District]
 +
*California Department of Fish and Game
 +
*NOAA Fisheries Service
 +
*California State University Monterey Bay
 +
*Pebble Beach Community Service District
 +
*California State Water Resources Control Board
 +
*Pebble Beach Company
 +
*Carmel Area Wastewater District Planning and Conservation League
 +
*Carmel River Steelhead Association
 +
*Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board
 +
*Carmel River Watershed Conservancy
 +
*Resources Conservation District of Monterey County
 +
*Carmel Unified School District
 +
*Seaside Basin Watermaster
 +
*Carmel Valley Association
 +
*State Department of Parks & Recreation
 +
*City of Carmel-by-the-Sea
 +
*Surfrider Foundation
 +
*City of Del Rey Oaks
 +
*The Nature Conservancy
 +
*City of Pacific Grove
 +
*City of Sand City U.S.
 +
*Army Corps of Engineers
 +
*City of Seaside
 +
*U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serve
 +
*Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
 +
*Ventana Wilderness Society
 +
 
 +
== Laws, Policies, and Regulations ==
 +
The following is a list of laws, policies, and regulations that effect stormwater management:
 +
*[http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/laws_regulations/docs/portercologne.pdf Porter-Cologne Act]
 +
*[http://www.epa.gov/npdes/pubs/cwatxt.txt Clean Water Act]
 +
*[http://epw.senate.gov/esa73.pdf Endangered Species Act]
 +
*[http://www.cdph.ca.gov/services/funding/Documents/Prop50/General/Proposition50.pdf Proposition 50]
  
 
== Science ==
 
== Science ==
*Low Impact Development([http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/water_issues/programs/low_impact_development/index.shtml LIDs])<ref name="Methods">http://stuff.mit.edu/afs/sipb/project/wine/dosdevices/z:/mit/lugia/MacData/afs.cron/project/urban-sustainability/Stormwater_Sarah%20Madden/References/Roy_etal_2008.pdf</ref>
+
...
*Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD) <ref name="Methods"/>
+
  
 
== Tools ==
 
== Tools ==
*HEC-HMS <ref>link.com</ref>
+
The tools that are used to help manage stormwater issues are HEC-HMS <ref>[http://www.hec.usace.army.mil/software/hec-hms/ Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS)] </ref> for hydrologic modeling, and water monitoring instruments to measure discharge at a particular point (preferably at the watershed outlet).
*Monitoring <ref>link.com</ref>
+
 
 +
==Funding==
 +
General funding sources for stormwater management exist on a federal, state, and local level. Service fees tend to be most prominent, with an equity-driven, cost-based rate structure that depends on peak discharge, discharge volumes, and contaminant concentrations <ref name="Funding"> [http://www.nafsma.org/Guidance%20Manual%20Version%202X.pdf Guidance for Municipal Stormwater Funding]</ref>. Other revenue sources include general revenue appropriations; plan review, development inspection, and special user fees; special assessments; bonding for capital improvements; in-lieu of construction fees; capitalization recovery fees; impact fees; developer extension/latecomer fees; and federal and state grants, loans and cooperative programs.
  
 
== Future Research ==
 
== Future Research ==
*Possible Thesis topic: Effectiveness of management efforts<ref>link.com</ref>
+
*Possible Thesis topic: Effectiveness of management efforts
*Continuous monitoring<ref>link.com</ref>
+
*Continuous monitoring
*Best management practices (BMPs) to be the most effective
+
*Effective and preferred Best management practices (BMPs)
  
 
== References ==  
 
== References ==  
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 +
 +
== Links ==
 +
*[[Urban stormwater regulations applicable to central coast region]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Pacific Grove]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Scotts Valley]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Santa Cruz]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Capitola]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in the City of Watsonville]]
 +
*[[Urban stormwater management in Santa Cruz County]]
 +
*[[Areas of Special Biological Significance (ASBS)]]
 +
*[[Urban Discharges to Areas of Special Biological Significance on Monterey Peninsula]]
 +
 +
*[[Technical Tools used in Environmental Science and Management within California's Central Coast Region]]
  
 
== Disclaimer ==
 
== Disclaimer ==
  
 
This page may contain student work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessary reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.
 
This page may contain student work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessary reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.

Latest revision as of 12:07, 29 March 2018

Integrated Regional Water Management Plan (IRWMP) for the Greater Monterey County. Map Provided by Greater Monterey IRWMP [1]

Summary

Over the past two decades, urban stormwater management has been gaining the attention of the public and decision makers in the Monterey Bay Region. Storm water management requirements have been grouped into two NPDES permit phases based on city size, per relevant Clean Water Act promulgation beginning in 1990. Cities with large (>250,000) and medium (100,000-250,000) populations were given a Phase I permit, and small populations (10,000 - 100,000) were given Phase II permits.[2] The Phase II cities collectively applied for a General Permit, and are organized under the Monterey Region Storm Water Management Program (MRSWMP). Permits must be renewed every 5 years.

On the Federal level, urban stormwater management is required by National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting for managing point source pollution, first instated by the Clean Water Act [3]. Industrial, municipal, and other facilities are all required to obtain permits to discharge waste to surface waters [4]. The State Water Boards provide oversight; California regulates construction, industrial facilities, and municipalities under this system [4].

NPDES Permit Type Applicable to Monterey Bay Region Municipalities

Phase I

Phase I regulations, effective since 1990, require NPDES permits for storm water discharges for certain specific industrial facilities and construction activities, and for “medium” and “large” municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s) generally serving populations greater than 100,000. The only Phase I city in the Monterey Bay Region is Salinas.[5]

Phase II

In December 1999, the EPA promulgated more regulations known as the Storm Water Phase II Final Rule for all MS4s with urbanized areas and municipalities with a population base greater than 10,000 with a population density greater than 1,000 persons per square mile, and includes construction sites of 1 to 5 acres.[2] In California, NPDES General Permits for small MS4s are overseen by the Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) and require the development of a management plans that discuss existing and proposed programs that will protect water quality by reducing or eliminating pollutant runoff from entering local water bodies.


Small MS4s are designated by:

  • Automatically designated by EPA because it is located within an urbanized area,

or

  • Individually designated by the RWQCB after considering factors such as high population density (1,000 residents per square mile), high growth or potential(growth greater than 25percent between 1990 and 2000 or anticipated growth greater than 25percent over a 10-year period), a significant contributor of pollutants to an interconnected permitted MS4, discharge to sensitive water bodies, and/or a significant contributor of pollutants to waters of the United States.


Phase II requires the implementation of six Minimum Control Measures (MCMs):

  • Public Education and Outreach on Storm Water Impacts
  • Public Involvement/Participation
  • Illicit Discharge Detection and Elimination
  • Construction Site Storm Water Runoff Control
  • Post-Construction Storm Water Management in New Development and Redevelopment
  • Pollution Prevention/Good Housekeeping for Municipal Operations

Each MCM has associated Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Measurable Goals to achieve permit requirements.

The Monterey Region Storm Water Management Plan (MRSWMP)

The purpose of the MRSWMP is to reduce discharge from Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4s) to the “maximum extent practicable,” to protect water quality, and to satisfy the appropriate water quality requirements of the Clean Water Act. It is the organizational framework that connects all the entities under the General Permit, and includes a description and map of the areas under the Program. It also describes the BMPs and Measurable Goals of each entity. [2]

The Monterey Regional Storm Water Mangement Plan Group includes the following entities:

Federal facilities (i.e. the Naval Postgraduate School), school districts, colleges and universities, and miscellaneous entities (i.e. Monterey Peninsula Airport) are excluded from these jurisdictions.

Additional entities ("Coordinating Entities") that coordinate some of their individual SWMP activities under this Program:

  • Monterey Peninsula Unified School District, Pacific Grove Unified School District, and the Carmel Unified School District
  • City of Carmel-by-the-Sea
  • Pebble Beach Co.
MRSWMP Annual Reports
Annual Reports by City


Other Monterey Bay Municipalities Annual Stormwater Reports

Hollister

Annual Reports

Gilroy

King City

The King City SWMP was revised for final review in 2009 and the first year of the permit will end in early 2010[7]. The plan will have a 5 year implementation period. Over the course of the permit the City will be required to submit annual reports documenting the progress made each year in the form of measurable goals for each best management practice.

Annual Reports:

  • None currently exist

Soledad

Annual Reports:

Salinas

Annual Report Confirmations

Santa Cruz County Municipalities

Municipalities in the northern part of Monterey Bay are also involved in stormwater management activities.

Integrated Regional Water Management Plan (IRWMP)[8]

Type of IRWMP entities:

  • government agencies
  • nonprofit organizations
  • educational organizations
  • water service districts
  • private water companies
  • organizations representing:
  • agricultural
  • environmental
  • community interests

Timeline

  • 1990 Phase I NPDES permitting promulgated by EPA
  • 1998 Monterey Region finishes developing the Model Urban Runoff Program (MURP) to assist small municipalities in developing their own programs for Phase II reqs
  • 1999 Phase II NPDES permitting promulgated by EPA (expands Phase I program)
  • 2000 In March, a Working Group consisting of public works representatives from all MRWPCA member entities decided to apply under a single NPDES General Permit (Phase II only)
  • 2002 A "Memorandum of Agreement for the Monterey Regional Storm Water Pollution Prevention Program" was prepared and executed to create regional organization and commitment to the NPDES permit, although community-level plans are also required; the agreement will terminate when the current NPDES permit expires

Resources at Stake

Common pollutants include pesticides, fertilizers, oils, salt, litter and other debris, and sediment, as well as fecal coliform bacteria resulting from illicit connections between sanitary and storm water sewage systems. These pollutants are a threat to public drinking and recreational water usage, spawning and wildlife habitat, aesthetic values, and can lead to fish kills.

Importantly, there are two areas--Pacific Grove and Carmel Bay-- in the region where stormwater has the potential to carry large pollutant loads into Areas of Special Biological Significance (ASBS). See Urban Discharges to Areas of Special Biological Significance on Monterey Peninsula for more information. One of the MRSWP's goals is to minimize surface runoff pollutants[9] from entering areas of biological significance in the Monterey Bay.

Stakeholders

  • California American Water
  • Citizen Watershed Monitoring Network
  • California Coastal Commission
  • Monterey County Service Area 50
  • California State Coastal Conservancy
  • Monterey Peninsula Regional Park District
  • California Department of Fish and Game
  • NOAA Fisheries Service
  • California State University Monterey Bay
  • Pebble Beach Community Service District
  • California State Water Resources Control Board
  • Pebble Beach Company
  • Carmel Area Wastewater District Planning and Conservation League
  • Carmel River Steelhead Association
  • Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board
  • Carmel River Watershed Conservancy
  • Resources Conservation District of Monterey County
  • Carmel Unified School District
  • Seaside Basin Watermaster
  • Carmel Valley Association
  • State Department of Parks & Recreation
  • City of Carmel-by-the-Sea
  • Surfrider Foundation
  • City of Del Rey Oaks
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • City of Pacific Grove
  • City of Sand City U.S.
  • Army Corps of Engineers
  • City of Seaside
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serve
  • Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
  • Ventana Wilderness Society

Laws, Policies, and Regulations

The following is a list of laws, policies, and regulations that effect stormwater management:

Science

...

Tools

The tools that are used to help manage stormwater issues are HEC-HMS [10] for hydrologic modeling, and water monitoring instruments to measure discharge at a particular point (preferably at the watershed outlet).

Funding

General funding sources for stormwater management exist on a federal, state, and local level. Service fees tend to be most prominent, with an equity-driven, cost-based rate structure that depends on peak discharge, discharge volumes, and contaminant concentrations [11]. Other revenue sources include general revenue appropriations; plan review, development inspection, and special user fees; special assessments; bonding for capital improvements; in-lieu of construction fees; capitalization recovery fees; impact fees; developer extension/latecomer fees; and federal and state grants, loans and cooperative programs.

Future Research

  • Possible Thesis topic: Effectiveness of management efforts
  • Continuous monitoring
  • Effective and preferred Best management practices (BMPs)

References

  1. IRWMP Maps
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 MRSWMP
  3. NPDES Background NPDES Background
  4. 4.0 4.1 Storm Water Management Factsheet
  5. Salinas Stormwater Program
  6. City of Gilroy, City of Morgan Hill and County of Santa Clara SWMP
  7. King City SWMP
  8. Integrated Regional Management Plan for the Greater Monterey County Region (IRWMP)
  9. TMDLs in the Monterey Bay Region of California
  10. Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS)
  11. Guidance for Municipal Stormwater Funding

Links

Disclaimer

This page may contain student work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessary reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.