United States Army lands and activities in California's Central Coast Region
The United States Army is one of the three military departments reporting to the Department of Defense and is composed of two distinct components: active and reserve. The reserve components include the United States Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces and are under presidential command. Guard units are organized on the state level and can be called to action by the governor. The president has the power to federalize guard troops if necessary, but the governor has no control over reserve units .
The Army conducts operational and institutional missions. The operational Army includes armies, corps, divisions, brigades, and battalions that conduct full spectrum operations around the world. The institutional organizations provide the infrastructure required to raise, train, equip, deploy, and ensure the readiness of all Army forces .
History in the California Central Coast Region
- The United States Army first came to the Central Coast of California in 1902 when they began building a cantonment area on what is now known as the Presidio of Monterey at the end of the Philippine War.
- Since then, the Army has established 6 bases in the California Central Coast Region, most of them still in use today, and owns #### acres of land (still need to find how much land they actually own and manage, might need to add up from each individual page).
Bases in the Central Coast Region
- Camp Roberts (42,768 acres)
- Camp San Luis Obispo (15,433 acres)
- Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center
- Fort Hunter Liggett (165,000 acres)
- Presidio of Monterey
- Presidio of Monterey Annex
- U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Land Usage and Ownership
Department of Defense
The Department of Defense owns all military installations and is responsible for the management of those lands. All active bases are used primarily for military training and/or military education. (more here)
Land use of each base can be found on their individual wiki pages.
The Conservation Fund
The Conservation Fund has partnered with the Department of Defense to combat encroachment of residential developments, preserve habitat through buffer projects, provide supportive education, and help with regional planning. Their work frequently involves the Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration (REPI) Program to protect working landscapes and critical natural resources in a way that is compatible with the military mission .
- National Guard vs. Reserves. [Cited March 2021]
- Understanding the Army's Structure. U.S. Army. [Cited February 2021]
- U.S. Department of Defense. The Conservation Fund. [Cited March 2021]
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