California Coastal Commission
The California Coastal Commission (CCC) is a state agency which serves as the supervising body of the State of California focusing on policies, regulations, and developments which occur on the coastal region. A watershed-related topic examined by the ENVS 560/L Watershed Systems class at CSUMB.
The CCC was created by the California Coastal Zone Conservation Act of 1972. The CCC then gained permanent status through the 1976 California Coastal Act and was charged with the protection and maintenance of the coastline along California. Their mission is to "Protect, conserve, restore, and enhance environmental and human-based resources of the California coast and ocean for environmentally sustainable and prudent use by current and future generations"  The function of the CCC is to develop and review coastal permits as well as permit appeals. They are involved in essentially any decision made with potential impact to a coastal area. They are heavily involved with the function of CEQA in coastal developments and alterations. The commission contains 12 voting members. 6 members are chosen by the public and 6 are elected officials selected for the task.
The California Coastal Act, Section 30001.5 requires the state to "(c) maximize public access to and along the coast and maximize public recreational opportunities in the coastal zone consistent with sound resources conservation principles and constitutionally protected rights of private property owners.” The CCC achieves this through the creation of the Public Access Action Plan, which focuses on three top priorities:
- The Offer to Dedicate (OTD) Public Access Easement Program: A program focused on creating public accessways through private property through an offer from a private landowner. This program requires an accepting agency, which would be responsible for mitigation of the access impacts, physical improvements (i.e. stairs, signs, etc...), maintenance, and operation, to open specific sites .
- The California Coastal Trail: The California Coastal Trail is a current project focusing on the creation of a coastal trail that spans the distance of the California coastline. This trail, recognized as both a statewide and national resource, is "designed to foster appreciation and stewardship of the scenic and natural resources of the coast and serves to implement aspects of Coastal Act policies promoting non-motorized transportation" 
- Prescriptive Rights: This program focuses on the public prescriptive right of access, which is a permanent public easement across private property. The Coastal Commission researches and inventories areas that have had historic public use and the potential for significant public access benefits, which can lead to the legal protection of the area by through the Attorney General's Office 
The California Coastal Commission's Public Education Program focuses on engaging the public in coastal restoration and protection activities and increasing public knowledge of coastal and marine resources. It achieves this through offering an array of conservation, education, and community involvement programs 
The Boating Clean and Green Program focuses on education and outreach that promotes environmentally sustainable boating practices to boaters and marine business within California. This program is led by the CCC and the California Department of Boating and Waterways .
- California's Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program: The CCC has created a nonpoint source (NPS) Program Plan through California's Nonpoint Source Pollution Control Program, which provides a statewide approach to dealing with NPS pollution, involving 28 state agencies that work collaboratively through the Interagency Coordinating Committee to implement the NPS program plan.
- California Water and Land Partnership: Member of the National Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO) Network, focusing on educating local land use decision makers on the connection between land use and resource protection, especially in relation to water resources. The partnership is formed between local, state, and national agencies to create an educational program focusing on the connection of land use to water quality.
- Marinas & Recreational Boating: Interagency Coordinating Committee (IACC): An interagency workgroup that addresses water quality issues for marinas and recreational boating. The Marina IACC focuses on developing partnerships amongst entities that are responsible for addressing NPS pollution connected to boating and marinas, efficiently using state, federal, and local resources to address NPS pollution through information sharing, and promoting improvements to marina water quality through proper implementation of marina management practices.
- Critical Coastal Areas (CCA) Program: A program focused on collaboration between local stakeholders and government agencies, to coordinate the efficient use of resources and focus efforts on coastal watersheds in critical need of protection from runoff pollution. The CCA has identified 101 CCAs along the coast and within the San Francisco Bay.
- Model Urban Runoff Program: An informative guide on addressing urban runoff pollution for small municipalities (populations under 100,000) within California.
The mission of the CCC Enforcement Program is "to protect coastal resources by: assuring that proposed development projects are consistent with the Coastal Act, which is accomplished via the permit review process required by the Coastal Act; that required coastal development permits (CDPs) are obtained for all development in the Coastal Zone; that all terms and conditions of CDPs are complied with; to generally deter and address violations of the Coastal Act; and to work with local governments to assist them in enforcing coastal protection policies" . This program includes statewide (Headquarters) enforcement officers, which develop restoration orders and cease and desist orders for CCC action and support the CCC in litigation, and district enforcement officers, which conduct initial investigations of enforcement complaints and collaborate with local governments, responsible parties, and other agencies to resolve violations without formal administrative action when feasible. Violations can be addressed through administrative solutions or through filing suit against responsible parties for both civil penalties and injunctive relief. CCC Administrative regulations can be found in Title 14, Division 5.5 of the California Code of Regulations.
The Federal Consistency Program is responsible for implementing the federal Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) of 1972 as it relates to development projects, permits and licenses, federal activities, and support to state and local governments. The CZMA recommends states to create coastal management programs through the federal consistency procedures of the CZMA. The processes set to implement this requirement is called a consistency certification for federal permits and licenses and support to local/state agencies, and a consistency determination for development projects and federal activities .
The CCC Oil Spill Program (OSP) is part of the Energy, Ocean Resources and Federal Consistency Division of the California Coastal Commission. This program plays a significant role in facilitating statewide planning and coordination for the prevention of hazardous oil spills off of the California Coast. In addition to prevention, the OSP also implements the mitigation of oil spills when they do occur to the greatest extent possible. The OSP is prescribed authority through two primary statues: The California Coastal Act of 1976 and the Lempert-Keene-Seastrand Oil Spill Prevention and Response Act (OSPR) of 1990. 
- California Coastal Commission: Who We Are
- California Coastal Commission Public Access Action Plan
- . California Coastal Commission Coastal Access Program: The California Coastal Trail
- California Coastal Commission Coastal Access Program: Prescriptive Rights Program
- California Coastal Commission Public Education Program
- California Coastal Commission Boating Clean and Green Program
- California Coastal Commission Enforcement Program Overview
- California Coastal Commission Federal Consistency Program
- California Coastal Commission Oil Spill Program
- ENVS 560/L Watershed Systems
- CEQA Overview
- CEQA Glossary
- CEQA and California's Central Coast Region
- CEQA Summary of The Collection at Monterey Bay Resort
- Ocean Harbor House Seawall
- Agencies that are lead applicants in CEQA
- Hydrology and Water Quality Components of Central Coast CEQA Documents
- List of Environmental Consultants in the Central Coast Area
- Common Permits Required for Restoration in the Central Coast
- Sand Mining in California's Central Coast Region
- Local Coastal Programs in California's Central Coast Region
- Coastal Retreat in California's Central Coast Region
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
- State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB)
- Clean Water Act
- Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act
This page may contain students's work completed as part of assigned coursework. It may not be accurate. It does not necessarily reflect the opinion or policy of CSUMB, its staff, or students.